It may sound whimsical, but the U.S. Navy has used nuclear-powered ships to provide desalination services during disasters in the past, and Russia already has a nuclear-powered ship with nuclear energy used to power desalination equipment. There are currently about 20,000 desalination plants in the world, almost all of which are built on land.
Most desalination plants are company banner design located in Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and Kuwait, and other countries with desalination plants include the United Kingdom, China, the United States, Brazil, South Africa and Australia. But some engineers say it would be cheaper to use these desalination techniques at sea, where it's easier to pump seawater. Engineers have dreamed of building a floating, nuclear-powered desalination system for decades.
Nuclear desalination plant large design Nuclear-powered offshore desalination plant designed by Core Power | Photo Credit: Core Power / BBC News Core Power wants to use a vessel like a small oil tanker, with desalination technology installed on board, and a nuclear reactor on board to provide the huge amount of energy needed. The company's president, Boyle, said the floating nuclear desalination vessel they envisage could have different levels of power output, from 5 million watts to 70 million watts, and could provide 35,000 cubic meters of fresh water per day, equivalent to The water capacity of 14 Olympic standard swimming pools.