If we were to look at an old epistemology manual from the beginning of the 20th century , we would read that science and religion are two ways of Whatsapp Mobile Number List understanding the world, two worldviews that see reality from opposite positions. This perspective recognizes its origin in social theories of differentiation. The spheres of human action (economic, political, aesthetic, erotic, intellectual, religious) are separated, function according to their own rules and definitions of authority, and are traversed by internal rationalization processes.
Secularization, that is, the displacement movement of the Whatsapp Mobile Number List religious sphere as orderer of the others, and the autonomization of politics, economy, science and the art of religion are founding stories of the world as we know it Whatsapp Mobile Number List of the central nuclei of meaning through which modernity has been understood. Secularization theories suppose a progressive eclipse of religion, from the most extreme ones that predicted its disappearance to the most moderate ones that proposed its privatization and reduction to the private world of people.
And although the controversies between faith and reason are ancient and crossed the medieval intellectual world, the disputes became more acute separating science and religion in an apparently irreconcilable way. We can mention some milestones: the Whatsapp Mobile Number List trial in which Galileo was sentenced exposed an open conflict, which was linked more to the status claimed by the scientific perspective than to the content of the Copernican theories. The new science disputed with the Church the power to define the truth and the methods to do sotwo. The Church condemned Galileo in 1633, scoring a triumph that would cost him countless fiery criticisms and that he would reverse in 1992, during the papacy of John Paul II. The Whatsapp Mobile Number List second milestone is what we can observe in the birth of modern psychiatry. Until the 1870s, the treatment and interpretation of mental illness were marked by religious agents: recovery meant the moral reintegration of the subject.